Hair Restoration Procedures

Hair Restoration Procedures In Boston

Hair restoration procedures have come a long way over the past twenty years. And while many advanced hair care techniques have been introduced all over the world, non-surgical hair restoration has continued to be the number one choice over surgical hair restoration for both men and women. Approximately two out of every three men experience hair loss by the time they reach middle age. And although it wasn’t as widely talked about until the past few years, nearly twenty percent of women around the world also experience hair loss by age fifty. For men, the main cause of a diminishing hairline is heredity and for women, hormonal changes such as menopause can cause both thinning and hair loss.

There are a number of hair restoration techniques that are available, although hair restoration surgery cannot help those who suffer from total baldness. Candidates for surgical hair restoration must have a healthy growth of hair at the back and sides of the head. The hair on the back and sides of the head will serve as hair donor areas where grafts and flaps will be taken.

Hair Restoration Procedures

There are four primary types of hair restoration methods, including the following:

  • Hair transplantation:
 During hair transplantation, the surgeon removes small pieces of hair-bearing scalp grafts from the back or sides of the head. These grafts are then relocated to a bald or thinning area.
  • Tissue expansion: 
In this procedure, a device called a tissue expander is placed underneath a hair-bearing area that is located next to a bald area. After several weeks, the tissue expander causes the skin to grow new skin cells. Another operation is then required to place the newly expanded skin over the adjacent bald spot.
  • Flap surgery: 
Flap surgery is ideal for covering large balding areas. During this procedure a portion of the bald area is removed and a flap of the hair-bearing skin is placed on to the bald area while still attached at one end to its original blood supply.
  • Scalp reduction: 
Scalp reduction is done in order to cover the bald areas at the top and back of the head. This technique involves the removal of the bald scalp with sections of the hair-bearing scalp pulled together filling in the bald area.

Possible complications associated with surgical hair restoration procedures:

Possible complications associated with surgical hair restoration procedures may include, but are not limited to the following:

  • Patchy hair growth: 
Sometimes, the growth of newly placed hair has a patchy look, especially if it is placed next to a thinning area. This can often be corrected by additional surgery.
  • Bleeding and/or wide scars: 
Tension on the scalp from some of the scalp reduction techniques can result in wide scars and/or bleeding.
  • Grafts not taking: 
Occasionally, there is a chance that the graft may not “take.” If this is the case, surgery must be repeated.
  • Infection
: As with any surgical procedure, there is the risk of infection.

Hair Restoration Procedures

More about hair restoration procedures: Although each procedure varies, generally, hair restoration surgeries follow this process:

  • Location options may include:

◦  Surgeon’s office-based surgical facility

◦  Outpatient surgery center

◦  Hospital outpatient

◦  Hospital inpatient

  • Anesthetic options may include: General and or Local anesthesia, combined with a sedative (allows the patient to remain awake but relaxed)
  • Average length of procedure:
 Several surgical sessions are usually needed to achieve satisfactory fullness, with a healing interval of several months recommended between each session. It may take up to two years before seeing the final result with a full transplant series.

Hair Restoration Procedures

Recuperation period: 
Plugged or grafted hair falls out within a month or two after surgery, which is normal and almost always temporary. After hair falls out, it generally takes another month or more before hair growth resumes. A surgical touch-up procedure may be needed to create more natural-looking results after the initial incisions have healed. This may involve blending, a filling-in of the hairline using a combination of mini-grafts, micro-grafts, or slit grafts.